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丝丽雅与Canopy签订合作承诺书 共同努力推动全球森林可持续管理 保护原始濒危森林

发布者:管理员 发布时间:2018-08-22 10:32:00 阅读:

 

保护森林纤维采购政策
[生效时间:2018年8月3日]

 
宜宾丝丽雅集团有限公司承诺将在浆、纸、溶解浆和纤维素纤维产业发挥领导作用,并将与我们的木浆供应商和Canopy共同努力推动森林可持续管理,保护原始濒危森林。
 
宜宾丝丽雅集团有限公司支持从非原始濒危森林地区采料以木质纤维为原材料的浆、纸、纤维素纤维和织物的生产,采料地区应不包括印度尼西亚的热带雨林,加拿大的北方针叶林等地区,除非该地具备保护方案或者森林管理委员会证书。
 
以下原则适用于所有人造纤维素纤维,织物和纺织品,包括但不仅限于人造丝,粘胶纤维,莱赛尔纤维,莫代尔和我公司生产的已注册商标的产品、浆、纸等。该项承诺适用于我们自己的经营范围和采料活动。该政策支持可带来长期环境、社会和经济效益的原则。
 
承诺范围
我们的经营活动,包括控权公司,管理的公司和/或者投资的公司—都应遵守此项政策。
我们将只从透明的,具有可追溯性的且遵守此项政策的原材料供应商采料。
如果供应商违背了这些标准,我们将首先帮助其改变其生产行为,如果我们发现其纤维来源于政策所禁止的地区,我们将重新评估是否与其保持合作。
 
保护原始濒危森林[1]和森林景观完整[2]
宜宾丝丽雅集团有限公司支持保护原始濒危森林,拒绝从该地区采购浆、纸、溶解浆制作纤维素纤维。因此,我们将对我们正在使用的木浆和纤维进行评估,确保我们没有使用来自原始濒危森林的原料,如加拿大和俄罗斯的北方针叶林,沿海热带雨林,印度尼西亚、亚马逊和西非的热带森林和泥炭地,或者珍稀物种的栖息地。
与我们的纤维供应商合作努力逐步放弃使用从以上地区获取的纤维并且寻找合适的替代品。
杜绝使用来源存在争议的纤维,这些来源包括非法伐木[3]的木材公司或1994年后通过自然森林转化或简化而开垦的树木种植园。
 
认同、尊重并支持人权和社区权利
我们在此要求我们的供应商遵守《世界人权宣言》并且尊重当地和农村社区对其领地、土地和资源[4]的社区法律、风俗习惯和使用者权利。为达到这一目标,我们要求我们的供应商充分尊重当地居民和农村社区的权利,在新的伐木权利划拨和树木种植园开发之前,给予或保留他们的自主、事先和知情同意权(FPIC),解决投诉和争议,通过透明的、负责任的申诉机制和双方共同认可的争端解决方法设法弥补之前的违反人权行为。
 
研发创新和替代性纤维 
我们将与Canopy、创新型公司和供应商合作,共同探索并促进减少环境和社会负面影响的纤维的发展。我们将在合适的情况下发挥自己的积极作用,支持使用替代性纤维(如农业废物[5]和再回收纤维)作为原料的木浆和纤维素纤维商业生产的研发进程。
 
倡导保护方案
在与Canopy的合作中,我们将支持具有合作性和前瞻性的系统解决方案,保护仅存的原始濒危森林,包括温哥华岛的沿海温带雨林,大熊雨林[6],加拿大的北方针叶林[7]和印度尼西亚的雨林[8]
 
森林证书
我们将要求所有来源于森林的优先选择的纤维是负责任管理的森林,并经过森林管理委员会(FSC)认证系统的认证。经过FSC认证的种植园[9]为解决方案的组成部分。
 
透明度可追溯性和验证
我们会保证在2019年前实现我们运营体系和供应链的透明度和可追溯性,并会将我们整体供应链(监管链)与工厂,种植园和森林地区连接起来,以明确我们原材料的来源,包括木浆和种植园/木质纤维。我们将与我们的利益相关者共同努力,为我们的运营和供应链建立第三方验证系统,至2020年实现原始濒危森林免费验证。
 
减少温室气体足迹
我们认识到森林和泥炭地作为碳贮藏库的重要性,并会支持促进森林保护,减少高碳价值森林流失的倡议,鼓励销售商和供应商避免开发这些区域,优先选择利用有效办法积极减少其温室气体足迹的销售商和供应商。
 
防治污染
浆和粘胶纤维制造是资源密集型产业,可能导致空气和水污染并影响整体环境质量。该政策不能解决这些重要的环境问题。然而,我们会在溶解浆和粘胶纤维生产中投资使用最洁净的生产技术。
 
信息传播
我们深知在客户、员工和同行业企业传播环保意识的重要性。因此,我们将会在网站和公共传播中重点突出我们的环保工作。
 

[1]原始和濒危森林指的是完整的森林景观镶嵌体,自然形成的稀有的森林类型,出于人为原因而稀有的森林类型,和/或其他对保护生物多样性有着重要生态价值的森林。濒危森林的生态组成部分为:完整的森林景观;残次林和土地恢复核心地区;景观连续地区;稀有森林类型;物种高度丰富的森林;珍稀濒危物种高度聚集的森林;特有性强的森林;焦点物种核心栖息地;具有稀有的生态或进化现象的森林。作为在地理上确定原始濒危森林地区的第一步,可以使用经由森林管理委员会(FSC)和完整森林景观(IFL)确定的地图——高保护价值森林(HCVF),并可联合使用参考其他其他重要生态价值的地图,如重要濒危物种栖息地范围和含有高浓度陆地碳和高碳储量(HCS)的森林。 (瓦伊河濒危森林联盟:高保育价值森林保护——企业承诺指导。该文件已由森林保护团体、企业和科学家,如JimStritholtt博士,生物保护研究所所长和执行董事审核,并且被企业采用来制定其森林采料政策。)全球范围内的重点濒危森林包括加拿大和俄罗斯的北方针叶林;英属哥伦比亚、阿拉斯加和智利的沿海温带雨林;印度尼西亚、亚马逊和西非的热带森林和泥炭地。了解更多关于原始和濒危森林的信息请访问:http://canopyplanet.org/index.php?page=science-behind-the-brand
 
[2]完整森林景观(IFL)指的是在目前讨论的森林范围内不间断的自然生态系统区域,该区域没有明显的人类活动,并且拥有足够的面积使得所有当地的生物多样性,包括多种多样物种的种群生命力可以得以保存。(http://www.intactforests.org/world.map.html)
 
[3]合法的森林管理是指遵守所有适用的国际、国内和当地法律的管理,包括环境、林业、民权法律和条约。
[5]农业废物指的是废物/食品生产或其他过程中的副产品残料,可用来增长纤维的生命周期。依据其获取方式,这些纤维可包括亚麻、甘蔗渣和麻。
 
[6]当保护方案最终确定,我们将考虑从大雄雨林采料。该雨林为沿海温带雨林,沿海温带雨林曾占据了地球0.2%的面积,然而今天只有当初25%的雨林得以保留。环保人士、伐木公司、第一民族和英属哥伦比亚政府于2006年签订的大熊雨林协议包括了一个新的土地管理体制,名为生态系统为基础的管理。该体制将超过2百万公顷划为禁止伐木区域,并针对对保护区之外的区域颁布了新的较宽松的伐木条例。所有的利益相关者目前都达成了一致,并正在努力推动政府于2015年9月前贯彻实施该项协议。
[请注意该脚注十分重要,否则您可能将该政策理解为尽管保护条例已生效也不应当在该区域获取原料。这样不利于林业公司在其他原始濒危森林地区签订此类型的保护协议。]
 
[7]加拿大的北方针叶林是世界上最大的非冰冻淡水储存地,并且是世界上最大的陆地碳汇的组成部分—相当于26年的全球化石燃料消耗量。Canopy致力于通过合作建立新的保护区,保护濒危物种并推动加拿大北方针叶林的可持续采伐。
该区域按照规定将在最大范围内新建溶解浆工厂,溶解浆将用于生产纤维素纤维为基础的织物。
 
[8]印度尼西亚的森林开伐率在热带国家中排名第二,苏门答腊岛的问题尤其突出,由于大幅度的林地清理该岛70%的森林地区遭到了破坏(联合国粮农组织,森林评价2010;Margono, B.A. et al. 2012)。亚洲浆纸业有限公司(APP)和亚太纸业有限公司(APRIL)被认定对此负主要责任,并因牵涉到破坏重要富碳泥炭地,破坏重要濒危物种栖息地和当地社区传统土地,涉嫌贪腐,和违反人权而受到了当地和国际团体的批评。(森林之眼. 2011. http://www.eyesontheforest.or.id/)(APP)最近实施了一项颇具希望的森林政策,跟踪该政策的实施情况十分重要,因为这样可以帮助我们了解它是否可作为印度尼西亚雨林的可持续性解决方案,并预测APRIL是否会追随APP实施同样的政策。
 
[9]指的是“已经种植或播种外来或本土树种了的,通常情况下品种单一,树木间距整齐,树龄一致,极度缺少自然森林所拥有的基本特征和关键元素”的种植园地区。1994年之前建立的种植园通常已经通过FSC认证。http://www.fsc.org/download.plantations.441.htm


Fibre Procurement Policy for Protecting Forests
[Effective:August 20th, 2018]

 
 
Yibin Grace Group Co. Ltd. is committed to playinga leadership role in the pulp, paper, dissolving pulp & cellulosic fibre industry and will workwith our wood fibre suppliers and Canopy in order to promote sustainable forest management and the protection of ancient and endangered forests.
 
Yibin Grace Group Co. Ltd.supports the production of pulp, paper, cellulosic fibres & fabrics from wood fibre that is not sourced in ancient and endangered forests, such as Indonesia’s tropical forest and Canada’s Boreal Forest, unless meaningful conservation plans and FSC certification are in place.
 
The following principles apply to all man-made cellulosic fibers, fabrics and textiles, including but not limited to rayon, viscose, lyocell, modal and trademarked product linesproduced by our company, as well as to the pulp and paper we produce. This commitment addresses our own operations as well as our procurement practices. This policy supports principlesthat result in long-term environmental, social and economic benefits.
 
Scope of Commitment
All of our operations, including companies we control, manage and/or have an investment in – will be in compliance with this policy.
 
We will source our raw material only through suppliers that are transparent, traceable and comply with this policy.
 
If suppliers contravene these criteria, we will first engage them to change practices and then re-evaluate our relationship with them if we find that fiber is coming from sources that do not meet this policy.
 
Conservation of Ancient & Endangered Forests[1]and Intact Forest Landscapes[2]:
Yibin Grace Group Co. Ltd.supports a future that does not use ancient and endangered forest for pulp or paper, or dissolving pulp to make cellulosic fibers. We will, therefore:
·         Assess our existing use of wood pulp and fiber and ensure that we are not sourcing fibers made from ancient and endangered forests areas such as the Canadian and Russian Boreal Forests; Coastal Temperate Rainforests; tropical forests and peatlands of Indonesia, the Amazon and West Africa, or endangered species habitat.
·         Work with our fibresuppliers towards phasing out and finding suitable alternatives to any fibre sourced from these regions.
·         Eliminate sourcing fiber from other controversial sources including companies that are logging forests illegally[3] and from tree plantations established after 1994 through the conversion or simplification of natural forests.
 
Recognizing, respecting and upholding human rights and the rights of communities
We will request that our suppliers respect the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and acknowledge indigenous and rural communities legal, customary or user rights to their territories, land, and resources.[4] To do so, we request that our suppliers acknowledge the right of Indigenous People and rural communities to give or withhold their Free, Prior and Informed Consent (FPIC) before new logging rights are allocated or tree plantations are developed, resolve complaints and conflicts, and remediate prior human rights violations through a transparent and accountable grievance mechanism and mutually agreeable dispute resolution process.
 
Innovative and Alternative Fiber Development
We will collaborate with Canopy, innovative companies and suppliers to explore and encourage the development of fiber sources that reduce environmental and social impacts. Where appropriate, we will play an active role in the research and development of commercial scale production of pulp and cellulosic fiber made from alternative fiber sources such as agricultural residues[5]and recycled fibers.
 
Advocacy for Conservation Solutions
Working with Canopy we will support collaborative and visionary system solutions that protect remaining ancient and endangeredforests in the Coastal Temperate Rainforests of Vancouver Island and Great Bear Rainforest[6], Canada’s Boreal Forests[7], and Indonesia’s Rainforests.[8]
 
Forest Certification
We will preference fibre sourced from forests that are responsibly managed forests, certified to the Forest Stewardship Council (FSC) certification system. FSC certified plantations[9] are part of the solution.  
 
Transparency, Traceability and Verification
We will ensure the transparency & traceability of our own operations and supply chains by 2019, and will identify the origin of our raw material sourcing, including pulp and plantations/wood fibre, through mapping our entire supply chain (chain of custody) back to the mills, plantations, and forest areas. We will work with stakeholders to develop third party verification systems of our operations and supply chain and be verified ancient & endangered forest free by 2020.
 
Reduction of Greenhouse Gas Footprint
Recognizing the importance of forests and peatlands as carbon storehouses, we will support initiatives that advance forest conservation to reduce the loss of high carbon value forests, by encouraging vendors and suppliers to avoid harvest in these areas, and by giving preference to those that use effective strategies to actively reduce their greenhouse gas footprint.
 
Pollution Prevention
Pulp and viscose manufacturing is a resource-intensive process that can lead to air and water emissions that impact overall environmental quality. This policy does not address these other critical environmental issues, however, we will invest in and use the cleanest pulp, dissolving pulp and viscose manufacturing technology.
 
Communication
We recognize the benefit of creating environmental awareness among our customers, employees and peers. As such, we will highlight our environmental efforts on our website and in public communications.
 

[1]Ancient and Endangered Forest Ancient and endangered forests are defined as intact forest landscape mosaics, naturally rare forest types, forest types that have been made rare due to human activity, and/or other forests that are ecologically critical for the protection of biological diversity. Ecological components of endangered forests are: Intact forest landscapes; Remnant forests and restoration cores; Landscape connectivity; Rare forest types; Forests of high species richness; Forests containing high concentrations of rare and endangered species; Forests of high endemism; Core habitat for focal species; Forests exhibiting rare ecological and evolutionary phenomena. As a starting point to geographically locate ancient and endangered forests, maps of High Conservation Value Forests (HCVF), as defined by the Forest Stewardship Council (FSC), and of intact forest landscapes (IFL), can be used and paired with maps of other key ecological values like the habitat range of key endangered species and forests containing high concentrations of terrestrial carbon and High Carbon Stocks (HCS). (The Wye River Coalition’s Endangered Forests: High Conservation Value Forests Protection – Guidance for Corporate Commitments. This has been reviewed by conservation groups, corporations, and scientists such as Dr. Jim Stritholtt, President and Executive Director of the Conservation Biology Institute, and has been adopted by corporations for their forest sourcing policies).Key endangered forests globally are the Canadian and Russian Boreal Forests; Coastal Temperate Rainforests of British Columbia, Alaska and Chile; Tropical forests and peat lands of Indonesia, the Amazon and West Africa.For more information on the definitions of ancient and endangered forests, please go to: http://canopyplanet.org/index.php?page=science-behind-the-brand
 
[2]Intact Forest Landscape (IFL) is an unbroken expanse of natural ecosystems within the zone of current forest extent, showing no signs of significant human activity, and large enough that all native biodiversity, including viable populations of wide-ranging species, could be maintained. (http://www.intactforests.org/world.map.html)
 
[3]Legal forest management is management that complies with all applicable international, national, and local laws, including environmental, forestry, and civil rights laws and treaties. 
[5]Agricultural residues are residues/by-products left over from food production or other processes and using them maximizes the lifecycle of the fiber. Depending on how they are harvested, fibers may include flax, bagasse, and hemp.
 
[6]  Coastal temperate rainforests originally covered 0.2% of the planet, and now less than 25% of these forests remain in their original state. We will consider sourcing from areas within the coastal temperate rainforests where credible conservation solutions are finalized. A legal conservation plan is now finalized for the Great Bear Rainforest a region of 6.4 million hectares within the Coastal Temperate Rainforest zone of British Columbia Canada.  On February 1st, 2016 the Government of British Columbia, First Nations, environmental organizations and the forest industry announced an Ecosystem-based Management framework that sets 85% of this region off limits to logging and stringent logging rules in the other 15%. Provided these agreements are fully implemented – sourcing from this ancient and endangered forest region can be considered to be within sustainable levels. We encourage ongoing verification of this through renewal of Forest Stewardship Council certification by the logging tenure holders in the region.
[Note this footnote is key, otherwise the policy would suggest you would not source from this region, despite the conservation agreements in place, which would be a disincentive for forest companies to make these type of conservation agreements in other ancient and endangered forests].
 
[7]Canada’s Boreal Forest contain the largest source of unfrozen freshwater world wide and are part of the world’s largest terrestrial carbon sink – equivalent to 26 years worth of global fossil fuel use. Canopy is committed to working collaboratively on the establishment of new protected areas, the protection of endangered species and the implementation of sustainable harvesting in Canada’s Boreal Forest.
This region is slated for the largest increase in mills for dissolving pulp that goes into cellulose-based fabrics.
 
[8]Indonesia experiences the second highest rate of deforestation among tropical countries, with Sumatra Island standing out due to the intensive forest clearing that has resulted in the conversion of 70% of the island's forested area (FAO Forest Assessment 2010; Margono, B.A. et al. 2012). Asia Pulp & Paper (APP) and Asia Pacific Resources International Ltd. (APRIL) have been identified as the primary cause and are criticized by local and international groups for being implicated in deforesting important carbon rich peat lands, destroying the habitat for critically endangered species and traditional lands of indigenous communities, corruption, and human rights abuses (Eyes on the Forest. 2011. http://www.eyesontheforest.or.id/). APP has recently put in place a promising forest policy, tracking its implementation will be key to understanding if it offers lasting solutions for Indonesia’s Rainforests and also if APRIL (a key producer of dissolving pulp for fabrics) will follow suit.
 
[9]Plantations area areas that have been “established by planting or sowing using either alien or native species, often with few species, regular spacing and even ages, and which lack most of the principal characteristics and key elements of natural forests”. Plantations prior to 1994 are often FSC certified. Source FSC: http://www.fsc.org/download.plantations.441.htm

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